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Cartsheds

Cartshed at Lower Farm, its opening facing north to avoid sunshine

With increased yields came surplus produce which could be sold in nearby towns. Wagons previously used by carriers were taken up by farmers in the late 16th and early 17th centuries Into the 18th century; tumbrels, carts and wains were equipped with iron tyres and binding and needed to be sheltered. New types of plough had also come into use, notably a long, heavy, two-wheeled plough which suited the chalky, gravelly and flinty soils of the downlands.  Along with harrows and other large mechanisms, these were usually stored in north-facing cartsheds because, in the words of Gervase Markham in 1614 ‘the sun does more harm to a cart than either wind or rain’