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Footnote

The next century was again to be a roller-coaster: migration of farmers from the north-east saved the valley from its agricultural decline; farms grew larger and even more mechanised; most of the landowning families would make way for one vastly wealthy couple but farmers were eventually able to buy their own land, Wars removed young men from the land, some of them permanently, and changed attitudes to food and food production. Farm buildings were enlarged and industrialised, and the proportion of farm-workers shrank to below 5% of the population.