Periods

These reports each reflect a period of East Meon History, many researched as part of the project ‘Farming the Valley’.

Roman villa at Stroud, an early farm.

Early farming in the East Meon Hundred. From 10,000 BCE to the arrival of the Romans.  For PDF, click here.

Roman Farming in the East Meon Hundred. The introduction from the Mediterranean of new forms of food and farming . For PDF, click here.

Anglo Saxon farming in the East Meon Hundred. Farmers came down from the high ground to form the settlement of East Meon. For PDF, click here

 

3D illustration illustrating life in Tudor East Meon

 

Medieval East Meon. The Hundred of East Meon was the largest of the Hampshire estates of the Bishops of Winchester. For PDF, click here.

Early Modern East Meon. First, the Reformation and then the Civil War saw the growth of private landholdings and improved agricultural techniques led to inequality between successful farmers, who acquired more land, and those who were driven off the land. For PDF, click here.

 

Romantic vision of rural life, far from reality.

Nineteenth century East Meon. Increased mechanisation led to further growth of prosperous farms with more Enclosures and grinding poverty among the agricultural labourers who made up the bulk of the population of East Meon. This report analyses the owners of each farm from the beginning of censuses in the mid 19th century,. For PDF, click here.

 

 

 

 

Twentieth century East Meon. At the start of this century, the farms in this valley had succumbed to cheap food imports and could be rented cheaply, prompting a ‘Cumbrian migration’ of hill farmers who introduced mixed farming. Two World Wars and increased industrialisation saw farmhouses occupied by professionals from the cities, other farm buildings replaced by large sheds, and a drastic reduction in the number of people employed on the land. For PDF, click here.